Objective: This study was done to determine the benefit of undergoing liver resection for noncolorectal metastasis. Methods: A single-institution retrospective review of all patients (n = 95) who underwent hepatic resection for a noncolorectal liver metastasis from 1990 to 2005 was performed. Primary outcomes measure was months of patient survival after liver resection. Results: Median patient age was 58 years (range 19 to 83 years). There were 37 men (38.9%) and 58 women (61.1%). The 30-day postoperative mortality rate was 2.1%, and postoperative complications developed in 15.8% of patients. Mean hospital stay was 7 days (range 4 to 25 days). Median time of survival from date of liver resection was 36 months, and 5-year survival rate was 34.9%. Primary tumor sites were identified as foregut or gastrointestinal in 16.8% and nongastrointestinal in 83.2%. Patients with a nonforegut primary tumor had a median survival time twice as long as those with foregut primaries (49 months versus 20 months, p < 0.001). Multiple liver metastases were an independent prognostic factor for worse outcomes with a hazard ratio of 3.3 (p = 0.007). No treatment-dependent variables (initial treatment modality, extent of liver resection, margins, complications) were found on multivariable analysis to be important prognostic factors. Conclusions: In select patients with any of a variety of malignancies metastatic to the liver, prolonged survival can result from liver resection, especially in those with a single, resectable tumor from a nongastrointestinal primary site.
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