Divergent opinions regarding the effect of streptozotocin- (STZ) induced diabetes on bile flow rate may be due to the differing lengths of time after STZ administration at which bile flow was measured. Also, the biliary excretion of bile acids can influence the canalicular transport of several organic anions. Therefore, the hepatic clearance of the bile acid-dependent organic anion rose bengal was studied over a 30-day period in STZ-induced insulin-dependent Sprague-Dawley diabetic rats with elevated bile acid pools and in fatty noninsulin-dependent diabetic and lean Wistar rats. Excretion of total bile acids and rose bengal was higher in diabetic rats than in Sprague- Dawley control or lean or fatty Wistar rats. Depletion of bile acids for 10 hr in the 30-day STZ rat prevented the increased excretion of rose bengal. Bile flow rates in fatty and lean Wistar rats were similar to that in Sprague-Dawley controls. Increased bile acid excretion 7 and 14 days after STZ was not accompanied by the expected significant increase in bile flow, reflecting decreased bile acid-independent bile flow, regardless of method of calculation of bile flow (per g liver or per kg body weight). By 30 days, there were significant increases in bile acid excretion and bile flow. The increased clearance of rose bengal 7 days after STZ indicates that pathophysiological changes in the hepatocyte begin soon after the initiation of diabetes. Studies of taurocholate uptake into liver plasma membrane vesicles indicated that the maximal velocity of transport across the basolateral membrane was increased with no change in K(m). This change was not observed in vesicles from insulin-treated diabetic rats. Therefore, studies employing STZ need to allow time for STZ toxicity to be overcome and for the pathology of diabetes to become established, to accurately reflect the diabetic condition.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - May 24 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine