High complexity in the expression of the B′ subunit of protein phosphatase 2A0: Evidence for the existence of at least seven novel isoforms

Csilla Csortos, Stanislaw Zolnierowicz, Eva Bakó, Stephen D. Durbin, Anna A. DePaoli-Roach

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154 Scopus citations


Association of the catalytic subunit (C2) with a variety of regulatory subunits is believed to modulate the activity and specificity of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). In this study we report the cloning and expression of a new family of B-subunit, the B′, associated with the PP2A0 form. Polymerase chain reactions and cDNA library screening have identified at least seven cDNA isotypes, designated α, β1, β2, β3, β4, γ, and δ. The different β subtypes appear to be generated by alternative splicing. The deduced amino acid sequences of the α, β2, β3, β4 and γ isoforms predict molecular weights of 57,600, 56,500, 60,900, 52,500, and 68,000, respectively. The proteins are 60-80% identical and differ mostly at their termini. Two of the isoforms, B′β3 and B′γ, contain a bipartite nuclear localization signal in their COOH terminus. No homology was found with other B- or B-related subunits. Northern analyses indicate a tissue-specific expression of the isoforms. Expression of B'a protein in Escherichia coli generated a polypeptide of ∼53 kDa, similar to the size of the B′ subunit present in the purified PP2A0. The recombinant protein was recognized by antibody raised against native B′ and interacted with the dimeric PP2A (A·C2) to generate a trimeric phosphatase. The deduced amino acid sequences of the B′ isoforms show significant homology to mammalian, fungal, and plant nucleotide sequences of unknown function present in the data bases. Notably, a high degree of homology (55-66%) was found with a yeast gene, RTS1, encoding a multicopy suppressor of a rox3 mutant. Our data indicate that at least seven B′ subunit isoforms may participate in the generation of a large number of PP2A0 holoenzymes that may be spatially and/or functionally targeted to different cellular processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2578-2588
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 2 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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