Purpose: A phase II trial was undertaken to assess the feasibility, toxicity, and efficacy of high-dose carboplatin and etoposide with autologous bone marrow transplantation in patients with relapsed or refractory germ cell tumors. Patients and Methods: Forty patients with recurrent germ cell cancer received carboplatin 500 mg/m2 and etoposide 400 mg/m2 given at 7, 5, and 3 days before marrow infusion. Autologous marrow infusion (day 0) was accomplished using one half of the bone marrow harvested before chemotherapy. Patients who achieved a complete or partial response with the first cycle of treatment received a second identical cycle of chemotherapy followed by infusion of the remaining cryopreserved bone marrow. Results: Objective responses were obtained in 17 of the 38 patients (45%) assessable for response, including eight partial and nine complete remissions. Five of these patients remain in continuous complete remission with minimal follow-up of 1 year. Toxicity encountered was primarily hematologic, and five patients (13%) died of treatment-related complications. Significant toxicities often seen with high-dose cisplatin (ototoxicity, neurotoxicity, and renal toxicity) were manageable in this regimen of high-dose carboplatin. Conclusions: This trial confirms the curative potential of high-dose carboplatin and etoposide in highly refractory germ cell cancer.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research