Fourteen patients with small cell carcinoma of the lung in relapse or with disease refractory to chemotherapy were treated with carmustine (BCNU) at doses of 600 to 1000 mg/m2 intravenously followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation. All patients previously were treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and etoposide. Seven of the 14 patients responded to the high‐dose BCNU (50% response with 95% confidence limits ranging from 23% to 77%). Three patients had a complete response, and four had a partial response. Regrowth of tumor occurred within 60 days of treatment in the responding patients. Death occurred in six patients before the recovery of the platelet count to 50,000 cells/μl. Although the response rate was high, the toxicity was excessive. In the dosage range of 600 to 1000 mg/m2 in heavily pretreated patients, BCNU is not recommended, but additional investigation may be warranted in patients with central nervous system metastases who previously were treated with radiation therapy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Aug 15 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research