Higher prevalence of anemia with diabetes mellitus in moderate kidney insufficiency: The Kidney Early Evaluation Program

Tarek Ashkar (El-Achkar), Suzanne E. Ohmit, Peter A. McCullough, Errol D. Crook, Wendy W. Brown, Richard Grimm, George L. Bakris, William F. Keane, John M. Flack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. The Kidney Early Evaluation Program (KEEP 2.0) cross-sectional, community-based study, targeted individuals at increased risk for kidney disease and measured blood glucose, creatinine, and hemoglobin. Methods. KEEP 2.0 screening data were used to determine the prevalence of anemia by level of kidney function and diabetes status. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (EGFR) was calculated using serum creatinine values, and categorized as ≥90, 60-89, 30-59 and <30 mL/min/1.73m2. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin <12 g/dL in men and in women aged >50 years, and <11 g/dL in women ≥50 years. Diabetes was defined as participant-reported diagnosis, fasting glucose >125 mg/dL, or nonfasting glucose >200 mg/dL. Results. Data were available on 5380 participants screened from August 2000 through December 2001. Diabetes was present in 26.9% of participants, and anemia in 7.7%; 15.9% of participants had at least moderately reduced kidney function (EGFR <60 mL/min/1.73m2). In participants with diabetes, anemia prevalence at the 4 levels of descending EGFR were 8.7%, 7.5%, 22.2%, and 52.4%, compared with 6.9%, 5.0%, 7.9%, and 50.0% in persons without diabetes. In a multivariable model, participants of non-white race/ethnicity, those with diabetes and those with EGFR <30 or 30-59 mL/min/1.73m2 had significantly increased odds of anemia. In addition, a significant sex-diabetes interaction was identified; odds of anemia were 4-fold greater in men than women with diabetes relative to sex-matched participants without diabetes. Conclusion. Diabetes was independently correlated with anemia, more so in men than women, and may be linked to premature expression of anemia in persons with moderate reductions in kidney function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1483-1488
Number of pages6
JournalKidney International
Volume67
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Program Evaluation
Renal Insufficiency
Anemia
Diabetes Mellitus
Kidney
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Creatinine
Kidney Diseases
Blood Glucose
Hemoglobins
Glucose
Serum

Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Diabetes
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate
  • Hemoglobin
  • K/DOQI
  • Kidney disease
  • Kidney function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

Cite this

Higher prevalence of anemia with diabetes mellitus in moderate kidney insufficiency : The Kidney Early Evaluation Program. / Ashkar (El-Achkar), Tarek; Ohmit, Suzanne E.; McCullough, Peter A.; Crook, Errol D.; Brown, Wendy W.; Grimm, Richard; Bakris, George L.; Keane, William F.; Flack, John M.

In: Kidney International, Vol. 67, No. 4, 04.2005, p. 1483-1488.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ashkar (El-Achkar), Tarek ; Ohmit, Suzanne E. ; McCullough, Peter A. ; Crook, Errol D. ; Brown, Wendy W. ; Grimm, Richard ; Bakris, George L. ; Keane, William F. ; Flack, John M. / Higher prevalence of anemia with diabetes mellitus in moderate kidney insufficiency : The Kidney Early Evaluation Program. In: Kidney International. 2005 ; Vol. 67, No. 4. pp. 1483-1488.
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AU - Ohmit, Suzanne E.

AU - McCullough, Peter A.

AU - Crook, Errol D.

AU - Brown, Wendy W.

AU - Grimm, Richard

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AU - Flack, John M.

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KW - K/DOQI

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KW - Kidney function

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