Tachyphylaxis to aerosolized histamine was studied in dogs anesthetized with thiamylal after pretreatment with prostaglandin synthesis inhibitors. Three consecutive histamine dose-response curves were obtained in nine dogs pretreated with 5 mg/kg indomethacin; two of these nine were also pretreated with 10 mg/kg indomethacin. Seven of the nine dogs were pretreated with 4 mg/kg sodium meclofenamate; four of these seven were also pretreated with 12 mg/kg. All dogs had tachyphylaxis at high concentrations of histamine regardless of inhibitor used. Pretreatment with indomethacin while the dogs were under α-chloralose-urethan anesthesia gave similar results. Histamine tachyphylaxis was also studied both in the presence and in the absence of indomethacin in tracheal smooth muscle strips obtained from seven additional dogs. A decrease in the median effective dose to histamine was observed in the indomethacin-treated strips, but tachyphylaxis to histamine remained. We conclude that prostaglandin synthesis inhibition does not reverse histamine tachyphylaxis either in vivo or in vitro. Thus the mechanism of histamine tachyphylaxis remains unexplained.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)