History of mosquitoborne diseases in the United States and implications for new pathogens

Max ​Moreno Madrinan, Michael Turell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The introduction and spread of West Nile virus and the recent introduction of chikungunya and Zika viruses into the Americas have raised concern about the potential for various tropical pathogens to become established in North America. A historical analysis of yellow fever and malaria incidences in the United States suggests that it is not merely a temperate climate that keeps these pathogens from becoming established. Instead, socioeconomic changes are the most likely explanation for why these pathogens essentially disappeared from the United States yet remain a problem in tropical areas. In contrast to these anthroponotic pathogens that require humans in their transmission cycle, zoonotic pathogens are only slightly affected by socioeconomic factors, which is why West Nile virus became established in North America. In light of increasing globalization, we need to be concerned about the introduction of pathogens such as Rift Valley fever, Japanese encephalitis, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis viruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)821-826
Number of pages6
JournalEmerging Infectious Diseases
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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West Nile virus
North America
Rift Valley Fever
Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Viruses
Chikungunya virus
Japanese Encephalitis
Yellow Fever
Internationality
Zoonoses
Climate
Malaria
Incidence
Zika Virus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

History of mosquitoborne diseases in the United States and implications for new pathogens. / ​Moreno Madrinan, Max; Turell, Michael.

In: Emerging Infectious Diseases, Vol. 24, No. 5, 01.05.2018, p. 821-826.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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