Home blood pressure monitoring: How good a predictor of long-term risk?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Most management decisions for the diagnosis and treatment of hypertension are made using blood pressure (BP) measurements made in the clinic. However, home BP recordings may be of superior prognostic value. In this review, we show that home BP recordings are generally superior to clinic BP measurements in predicting long-term prognosis. Home BP has been shown to significantly predict important end points including all-cause mortality, progression of chronic kidney disease, and functional decline in the elderly. In addition, home BP recordings significantly and strongly predict cardiovascular events. These findings are robust, as they concur despite having been studied in disparate populations, using heterogeneous methods of clinic and home BP measurement, and with varied methods of statistical analysis. The advantages of home BP recordings are not due solely to a larger number of measurements, and they extend to the elderly, patients with chronic kidney disease, and those on hemodialysis. Because home BP recordings combine improved accuracy with the advantages of low cost and easy implementation, most patients with known or suspected hypertension should have their BP assessed and managed by means of home BP recordings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-199
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent hypertension reports
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2011

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Keywords

  • BP measurement
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Clinic BP
  • Comparative study
  • Hemodialysis
  • Home BP
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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