How Acute and Chronic Alcohol Consumption Affects Brain Networks: Insights from Multimodal Neuroimaging

Tilman Schulte, Brandon G. Oberlin, David A. Kareken, Ksenija Marinkovic, Eva M. Müller-Oehring, Dieter J. Meyerhoff, Susan Tapert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Multimodal imaging combining 2 or more techniques is becoming increasingly important because no single imaging approach has the capacity to elucidate all clinically relevant characteristics of a network. Methods: This review highlights recent advances in multimodal neuroimaging (i.e., combined use and interpretation of data collected through magnetic resonance imaging [MRI], functional MRI, diffusion tensor imaging, positron emission tomography, magnetoencephalography, MR perfusion, and MR spectroscopy methods) that leads to a more comprehensive understanding of how acute and chronic alcohol consumption affect neural networks underlying cognition, emotion, reward processing, and drinking behavior. Results: Several innovative investigators have started utilizing multiple imaging approaches within the same individual to better understand how alcohol influences brain systems, both during intoxication and after years of chronic heavy use. Conclusions: Their findings can help identify mechanism-based therapeutic and pharmacological treatment options, and they may increase the efficacy and cost effectiveness of such treatments by predicting those at greatest risk for relapse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2017-2027
Number of pages11
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume36
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Keywords

  • Acute and Chronic Alcohol
  • Multimodal Neuroimaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology

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