Human and system errors, using adaptive turnaround documents to capture data in a busy practice.

Stephen M. Downs, Aaron E. Carroll, Vibha Anand, Paul G. Biondich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations


Capturing coded clinical data for clinical decision support can improve care, but cost and disruption of clinic workflow present barriers to implementation. Previous work has shown that tailored, scannable paper forms (adaptive turnaround documents, ATDs) can achieve the benefits of computer-based clinical decision support at low cost and minimal disruption of workflow. ATDs are highly accurate under controlled circumstances, but accuracy in the setting of busy clinics with untrained physician users is untested. We recently developed and implemented such a system and studied rates of errors attributable to physician users and errors in the system. Prompts were used in 63% of encounters. Errors resulting from incorrectly marking forms occurred in 1.8% of prompts. System errors occurred in 7.2% of prompts. Most system errors were failures to capture data and may represent human errors in the scanning process. ATDs are an effective way to collect coded data from physicians. Further automation of the scanning process may reduce system errors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-215
Number of pages5
JournalAMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings / AMIA Symposium. AMIA Symposium
StatePublished - 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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