Human endothelial progenitor cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

225 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) have been generally defined as circulating cells that express a variety of cell surface markers similar to those expressed by vascular endothelial cells, adhere to endothelium at sites of hypoxia/ischemia, and participate in new vessel formation. Although no specific marker for an EPC has been identified, a panel of markers has been consistently used as a surrogate marker for cells displaying the vascular regenerative properties of the putative EPC. However, it is now clear that a host of hematopoietic and vascular endothelial subsets display the same panel of antigens and can only be discriminated by an extensive gene expression analysis or use of a variety of functional assays that are not often applied. This article reviews our current understanding of the many cell subsets that constitute the term EPC and provides a concluding perspective as to the various roles played by these circulating or resident cells in vessel repair and regeneration in human subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbera006692
JournalCold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

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Endothelial cells
Blood Vessels
Gene expression
Endothelium
Regeneration
Assays
Repair
Ischemia
Endothelial Cells
Biomarkers
Endothelial Progenitor Cells
Gene Expression
Antigens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Human endothelial progenitor cells. / Yoder, Mervin.

In: Cold Spring Harbor perspectives in medicine, Vol. 2, No. 7, a006692, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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