Human N-demethylation of (S)-mephenytoin by cytochrome P450S 2C9 and 2B6

Jae Wook Ko, Zeruesenay Desta, David A. Flockhart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

We tested the ability of human liver microsomes (HLMs) and recombinant human cytochrome P450 (CYP or P450) isoforms to catalyze the N-demethylation of nirvanol-free (S)-mephenytoin [(S)-MP] in vitro. In mixed HLMs, the kinetics of (S)-MP N-demethylation suggested two contributing activities. A high-affinity/low-capacity component exhibited a K(M) of 174.1 μM and a V(max) of 170.5 pmol/mg protein/min, whereas a low-affinity/high-capacity component exhibited a K(M) of 1911 μM and a V(max) of 3984 pmol/mg protein/min. The activity of the high-affinity component was completely abolished by sulfaphenazole, with little effect on the low-affinity component, of the recombinant P450 isoforms tested, only CYP2B6 and CYP2C9 formed nirvanol from (S)-MP. The K(M) value(150 ± 42 μM) derived for recombinant CYP2C9 was close to that obtained for the high-affinity/low- capacity component in mixed HLMs (K(M) = 174.1 μM). The predicted contribution of this activity at concentrations (1-25 μM) achieved after a single 100-mg dose of racemic MP is approximately 30% of the rate of nirvanol formation. At concentrations of > 1000 μM, we estimate that >90% of the rate can be explained by the low-affinity activity (CYP2B6). Therefore, the N- demethylation of (S)-MP to nirvanol may be a useful means of probing the activity of CYP2B6 in vitro when concentrations of >1000 μM are used, but it is unlikely to be a suitable phenotyping tool for this isoform in vivo, where concentrations of >1000 μM are rarely encountered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)775-778
Number of pages4
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Volume26
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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