Phospholemman (FXYD1), a 72-amino acid transmembrane protein abundantly expressed in the heart and skeletal muscle, is a major substrate for phosphorylation in the cardiomyocyte sarcolemma. Biochemical, cellular, and electrophysiological studies have suggested a number of possible roles for this protein, including ion channel modulator, taurine-release channel, Na +/Ca2+ exchanger modulator, and Na-K-ATPase-associated subunit. We have generated a phospholemman-deficient mouse. The adult null mice exhibited increased cardiac mass, larger cardiomyocytes, and ejection fractions that were 9% higher by magnetic resonance imaging compared with wild-type animals. Notably, this occurred in the absence of hypertension. Total Na-K-ATPase activity was 50% lower in the phospholemman-deficient hearts. Expression (per unit of membrane protein) of total Na-K-ATPase was only slightly diminished, but expression of the minor α2-isoform, which has been specifically implicated in the control of contractility, was reduced by 60%. The absence of phospholemman thus results in a complex response, including a surprisingly large reduction in intrinsic Na-K-ATPase activity, changes in Na-K-ATPase isoform expression, increase in ejection fraction, and increase in cardiac mass. We hypothesize that a primary effect of phospholemman is to modulate the Na-K-ATPase and that its reduced activity initiates compensatory responses.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Issue number||4 57-4|
|State||Published - Apr 2005|
- FXYD protein family
ASJC Scopus subject areas