Hypoxia-inducible factor regulates αvβ3 integrin cell surface expression

Karen D. Cowden Dahl, Sarah E. Robertson, Valerie M. Weaver, M. Celeste Simon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Scopus citations


Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-deficient placentas exhibit a number of defects, including changes in cell fate adoption, lack of fetal angiogenesis, hypocellularity, and poor invasion into maternal tissue. HIF is a heterodimeric transcription factor consisting of α and β aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator or ARNT) subunits. We used undifferentiated trophoblast stem (TS) cells to characterize HIF-dependent adhesion, migration, and invasion. Arnt-/- and Hifα-/- TS cells exhibit reduced adhesion and migration toward vitronectin compared with wild-type cells. Furthermore, this defect is associated with decreased cell surface expression of integrin αvβ3 and significantly decreased expression of this integrin in focal adhesions. Because of the importance of adhesion and migration in tumor progression (in addition to placental development), we examined the affect of culturing B16F0 melanoma cells in 1.5% oxygen (O2). Culturing B16F0 melanoma cells at 1.5% O2 resulted in increased αvβ3 integrin surface expression and increased adhesion to and migration toward vitronectin. Together, these data suggest that HIF and O 2 tension influence placental invasion and tumor migration by increasing cell surface expression of αvβ3 integrin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1901-1912
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Cowden Dahl, K. D., Robertson, S. E., Weaver, V. M., & Simon, M. C. (2005). Hypoxia-inducible factor regulates αvβ3 integrin cell surface expression. Molecular Biology of the Cell, 16(4), 1901-1912. https://doi.org/10.1091/mbc.E04-12-1082