Identification and management of pancreas divisum

Aditya Gutta, Evan Fogel, Stuart Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Introduction: Pancreas divisum is the most common congenital malformation of the pancreas with the majority asymptomatic. The etiological role, pathogenesis, clinical significance and management of pancreas divisum in pancreatic disease has not been clearly defined and our understanding is yet to be fully elucidated. Areas covered: This review describes the role of pancreas divisum in the development of pancreatic disease and the ambiguity related to it. In our attempt to offer clarity, a comprehensive search on PubMed, Ovid, Embase and Cochrane Library from inception to May 2019 was undertaken using key words “pancreas divisum”, “idiopathic recurrent acute pancreatitis” and “chronic pancreatitis”. Expert opinion: Current research fails to define a clear association between pancreas divisum and pancreatic disease. Though debatable, several studies do suggest a pathological role of pancreas divisum in pancreatic disease and a benefit of minor papilla therapy in the setting of acute recurrent pancreatitis. Surgical and endoscopic therapeutic modalities have not been directly compared. With the current data available, it would be imprudent to advise a definitive line of management for pancreatic disease associated with pancreas divisum and should involve a comprehensive discussion with the individual patient to define expectations before embarking on any medical and/or interventional therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1089-1105
Number of pages17
JournalExpert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2019

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Keywords

  • Recurrent acute pancreatitis
  • chronic pancreatitis
  • dorsal duct syndrome
  • endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
  • idiopathic pancreatitis
  • magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
  • pancreas divisum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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