We report the purification and N-terminal amino acid sequence of a novel mast cell growth factor, termed MGF, from the supernatants of a murine stromal cell line. A panel of interleukin 3-dependent cell lines were screened for responsiveness to partially purified MGF in [3H]thymidine incorporation assays; proilferative stimulation of these cells in response to MGF correlated with expression of mRNA for the c-kit proto-oncogene. MGF was shown to be a ligand for c-kit by cross-linking 125I-labeled MGF to c-kit-expressing cells with subsequent immunoprecipitation of the complex with antiserum specific for the C-terminus of c-kit. This establishes MGF as a ligand for the c-kit protein.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)