Hydrophobic folate-binding proteins (FBPs), which are only 5-10 kDa larger than 40-kDa hydrophilic FBPs, bind significant qualities of Triton X-100 micelles and elute as apparent 160-kDa species on Sephacryl S-200 gel filtration in Triton X-100. Detergent-solubilized placental membranes release a major (> 95%) 40-kDa hydrophilic FBP species as well as a minor apparent 160-kDa folate binding species when similarly analyzed. We tested the hypothesis that this recovery of predominantly hydrophilic FBPs was mediated by a putative hydrophobic FBP-specific placental protease. When placenta was solubilized in the presence of increasing concentrations of EDTA, there was a progressive increase in apparent 160-kDa folate binding moieties concomitant with a decrease in 40-kDa FBPs. At 20 mM EDTA, a single apparent 160-kDa folate binding species was recovered and the 40-kDa FBPs could not be detected by radioligand binding or specific radioimmunoassay. The apparent 160-kDa species specifically bound radiolabeled folates and were specifically immunoprecipitated by rabbit anti-40-kDa FBP antiserum. On 15% sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis followed by transfer to nitrocellulose and probing with anti-40-kDa FBP anti-serum, the apparent 160-kDa FBPs electrophoresed as 45-kDa species. Detergent binding studies indicated that apparent 160-kDa FBPs were hydrophobic, thus accounting for the molecular weight discrepancy in gel filtration in Triton X-100 versus sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The EDTA-mediated inhibition of conversion of hydrophobic FBPs to hydrophilic FBPs by protease was reversed in a dose-dependent manner by Mg2+. If this protease is physiologically relevant, it could play an important regulatory role in folate transport by influencing the net number of hydrophobic FBPs on the cell surface.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology