Posttranslational modification (PTM) of proteins has emerged as a major regulatory mechanism in all three domains of life. One emerging PTM is Nε-lysine acetylation—the acetylation of the epsilon amino group of lysine residues. Nε-lysine acetylation is known to regulate multiple cellular processes. In eukaryotes, it regulates chromatin structure, transcription, metabolism, signal transduction, and the cytoskeleton. Recently, multiple groups have detected Nε-lysine acetylation in diverse bacterial phyla, but no work on protein acetylation in Borrelia burgdorferi has been reported. Here, we describe a step-by-step protocol to identify Nε-lysine acetylated proteins in B. burgdorferi.