Identification of the functional domain of osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1/hSca

M. Koide, Noriyoshi Kurihara, H. Maeda, S. V. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoclast (OCL) activity is controlled by local factors produced in the bone microenvironment. We previously identified a novel inhibitor of OCL formation that is produced by OCLs (osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1/human Sca [OIP-1/hSca]). OIP-1/hSca is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked membrane protein (16 kDa) that is cleaved from the OCL surface. Immunocytochemical staining further confirmed the expression of OIP-1/hSca in OCL formed in mouse bone marrow cultures. However, the structure/function mechanisms responsible for the inhibitory effects of OIP-1/hSca on OCL formation are unknown. Therefore, we expressed deletion mutants of OIP-1 in 293 cells and tested their effects on OCL formation. These studies indicated that the carboxy-terminal peptide (c-peptide) region is critical for OIP-1/hSca activity. A 33 amino acid OIP-1 c-peptide (10-100 ng/ml) significantly inhibited 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] induced OCL formation and pit formation capacity of OCL on dentine slices in human bone marrow cultures. Furthermore, the c-peptide (10-100 ng/ml) significantly inhibited early human OCL precursor (granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming unit [GM-CFU]) colony formation in methylcellulose cultures. The polyclonal antibody against the OIP-1 c-peptide neutralized the inhibitory effect of OIP-1 c-peptide on OCL formation in mouse bone marrow cultures in vitro. These results show that the OIP-1 c-peptide is the functional domain of OIP-1 and that availability of neutralizing antibody specific to the OIP-1 c-peptide should provide important mechanistic insights into OIP-1/hSca inhibition of osteoclastogenesis in the bone microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Volume17
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Osteoclasts
Peptides
Bone Marrow
GPI-Linked Proteins
Bone and Bones
Granulocyte-Macrophage Progenitor Cells
Methylcellulose
Calcitriol
Dentin
Neutralizing Antibodies
Osteogenesis
Human Activities
Membrane Proteins
thyroid-hormone-receptor interacting protein
Staining and Labeling
Amino Acids

Keywords

  • C-peptide
  • Granulocytemacrophage colony-forming unit
  • Inhibitors
  • Osteoclast
  • Osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1/human Sca

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

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title = "Identification of the functional domain of osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1/hSca",
abstract = "Osteoclast (OCL) activity is controlled by local factors produced in the bone microenvironment. We previously identified a novel inhibitor of OCL formation that is produced by OCLs (osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1/human Sca [OIP-1/hSca]). OIP-1/hSca is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked membrane protein (16 kDa) that is cleaved from the OCL surface. Immunocytochemical staining further confirmed the expression of OIP-1/hSca in OCL formed in mouse bone marrow cultures. However, the structure/function mechanisms responsible for the inhibitory effects of OIP-1/hSca on OCL formation are unknown. Therefore, we expressed deletion mutants of OIP-1 in 293 cells and tested their effects on OCL formation. These studies indicated that the carboxy-terminal peptide (c-peptide) region is critical for OIP-1/hSca activity. A 33 amino acid OIP-1 c-peptide (10-100 ng/ml) significantly inhibited 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] induced OCL formation and pit formation capacity of OCL on dentine slices in human bone marrow cultures. Furthermore, the c-peptide (10-100 ng/ml) significantly inhibited early human OCL precursor (granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming unit [GM-CFU]) colony formation in methylcellulose cultures. The polyclonal antibody against the OIP-1 c-peptide neutralized the inhibitory effect of OIP-1 c-peptide on OCL formation in mouse bone marrow cultures in vitro. These results show that the OIP-1 c-peptide is the functional domain of OIP-1 and that availability of neutralizing antibody specific to the OIP-1 c-peptide should provide important mechanistic insights into OIP-1/hSca inhibition of osteoclastogenesis in the bone microenvironment.",
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T1 - Identification of the functional domain of osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1/hSca

AU - Koide, M.

AU - Kurihara, Noriyoshi

AU - Maeda, H.

AU - Reddy, S. V.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Osteoclast (OCL) activity is controlled by local factors produced in the bone microenvironment. We previously identified a novel inhibitor of OCL formation that is produced by OCLs (osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1/human Sca [OIP-1/hSca]). OIP-1/hSca is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked membrane protein (16 kDa) that is cleaved from the OCL surface. Immunocytochemical staining further confirmed the expression of OIP-1/hSca in OCL formed in mouse bone marrow cultures. However, the structure/function mechanisms responsible for the inhibitory effects of OIP-1/hSca on OCL formation are unknown. Therefore, we expressed deletion mutants of OIP-1 in 293 cells and tested their effects on OCL formation. These studies indicated that the carboxy-terminal peptide (c-peptide) region is critical for OIP-1/hSca activity. A 33 amino acid OIP-1 c-peptide (10-100 ng/ml) significantly inhibited 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] induced OCL formation and pit formation capacity of OCL on dentine slices in human bone marrow cultures. Furthermore, the c-peptide (10-100 ng/ml) significantly inhibited early human OCL precursor (granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming unit [GM-CFU]) colony formation in methylcellulose cultures. The polyclonal antibody against the OIP-1 c-peptide neutralized the inhibitory effect of OIP-1 c-peptide on OCL formation in mouse bone marrow cultures in vitro. These results show that the OIP-1 c-peptide is the functional domain of OIP-1 and that availability of neutralizing antibody specific to the OIP-1 c-peptide should provide important mechanistic insights into OIP-1/hSca inhibition of osteoclastogenesis in the bone microenvironment.

AB - Osteoclast (OCL) activity is controlled by local factors produced in the bone microenvironment. We previously identified a novel inhibitor of OCL formation that is produced by OCLs (osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1/human Sca [OIP-1/hSca]). OIP-1/hSca is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked membrane protein (16 kDa) that is cleaved from the OCL surface. Immunocytochemical staining further confirmed the expression of OIP-1/hSca in OCL formed in mouse bone marrow cultures. However, the structure/function mechanisms responsible for the inhibitory effects of OIP-1/hSca on OCL formation are unknown. Therefore, we expressed deletion mutants of OIP-1 in 293 cells and tested their effects on OCL formation. These studies indicated that the carboxy-terminal peptide (c-peptide) region is critical for OIP-1/hSca activity. A 33 amino acid OIP-1 c-peptide (10-100 ng/ml) significantly inhibited 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] induced OCL formation and pit formation capacity of OCL on dentine slices in human bone marrow cultures. Furthermore, the c-peptide (10-100 ng/ml) significantly inhibited early human OCL precursor (granulocyte-macrophage colony-forming unit [GM-CFU]) colony formation in methylcellulose cultures. The polyclonal antibody against the OIP-1 c-peptide neutralized the inhibitory effect of OIP-1 c-peptide on OCL formation in mouse bone marrow cultures in vitro. These results show that the OIP-1 c-peptide is the functional domain of OIP-1 and that availability of neutralizing antibody specific to the OIP-1 c-peptide should provide important mechanistic insights into OIP-1/hSca inhibition of osteoclastogenesis in the bone microenvironment.

KW - C-peptide

KW - Granulocytemacrophage colony-forming unit

KW - Inhibitors

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KW - Osteoclast inhibitory peptide-1/human Sca

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M3 - Article

VL - 17

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JF - Journal of Bone and Mineral Research

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