IIIc isoform of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 is overexpressed in human pancreatic cancer and enhances tumorigenicity of hamster ductal cells

Marko Kornmann, Toshiyuki Ishiwata, Kei Matsuda, Martha E. Lopez, Kimi Fukahi, Goro Asano, Hans G. Beger, Murray Korc

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are mitogenic polypeptides that signal via FGF receptors (FGFRs). Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs) overexpress multiple FGFs, implying a potential for growth modulation. In this study we investigated the importance of the IIIc splice variant of FGFR-1 (FGFR-1 IIIc) in PDAC. Methods: Expression of FGFR-1 IIIc was determined by a ribonuclease protection assay in pancreatic cancer cell lines and in tissues. In situ hybridization was used to localize FGFR-1 IIIc messenger RNA (mRNA) in pancreatic tissues. A cDNA encoding FGFR-1 IIIc was stably transfected into the well-differentiated TAKA-1 pancreatic ductal cell line that is not responsive to FGF5 and does not express FGFR-1. Results: FGFR-1 IIIc was expressed in 5 of 7 pancreatic cancer cell lines and in the majority of the cancer cells in 4 of 7 PDAC samples. In vitro, TAKA-1 cells stably transfected with FGFR-1 IIIc exhibited increased basal growth; enhanced basal tyrosine phosphorylation of FGFR substrate-2 (FRS2), Shc, and phospholipase Cγ; and increased activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). PD98059, an inhibitor of MAPK, suppressed the basal growth of parental and transfected clones, but the effect was more marked in clones expressing FGFR-1 IIIc. In vivo, tumor formation in nude mice was dramatically enhanced with FGFR-1 IIIc transfected (20 of 20) in comparison with sham transfected (0 of 10) cells. Conclusions: Our data indicate that FGFR-1 IIIc is expressed in human pancreatic cancer cells, promotes mitogenic signaling via the FRS2-MAPK pathway, and has the potential to enhance pancreatic ductal cell transformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-313
Number of pages13
JournalGastroenterology
Volume123
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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