Imaging and Screening of Cancer of the Gallbladder and Bile Ducts

Kumar Sandrasegaran, Christine O. Menias

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biliary cancers include gallbladder cancer (GBC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). GBC may appear as a mass replacing the gallbladder, thickened gallbladder wall, or polypoid lesion in the gallbladder. Gallbladder polyps with low risk of GBC (eg, 6- to 10-mm polyps without other risk factors) are screened with sonography. In general, polyps smaller than 5 mm are ignored and those larger than 10 mm require surgical consideration. Screening for CCA is less well-established. On imaging, CCA may be divided into mass-forming, periductal infiltrating, and intraductal types. This review discusses the current state of screening and diagnosis of GBC and CCA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1211-1222
Number of pages12
JournalRadiologic Clinics of North America
Volume55
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017

Keywords

  • CT
  • Cholangiocarcinoma
  • Gallbladder cancer
  • MR imaging
  • Sclerosing cholangitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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