Imaging of small bowel-related complications following major abdominal surgery

Kumaresan Sandrasegaran, Dean D.T. Maglinte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

To recognize and document the small bowel reactions following major abdominal surgery is an important key for a correct diagnosis. Usually, plain abdominal radiography is the initial imaging examination requested in the immediate postoperative period, whereas gastrointestinal contrast studies are used to look for specific complications. In some countries, especially in Europe, sonography is widely employed to evaluate any acute affection of the abdomen. CT is commonly used to assess postoperative abdominal complications; in our institution also CT enteroclysis is often performed, to provide additional important informations. Radiologist should be able to diagnose less common types of obstruction, such as afferent loop, closed loop, strangulating obstruction as well as internal hernia. This knowledge may assume a critical importance for surgeons to decide on therapy. In this article, we focus our attention on the imaging (particularly CT) in small bowel complications following abdominal surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-386
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume53
Issue number3 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005

Keywords

  • CT enteroclysis, acute abdomen
  • Internal hernia, surgery, CT
  • Postoperative complication, small bowel
  • Small bowel obstruction, CT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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