Imaging the diaphragm and its disorders

Robert D. Tarver, Dewey J. Conces, David A. Cory, Vemon A. Vix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although a radiologic evaluation of the diaphragm is important in many clinical situations, visualization of the diaphragm is difficult because of its thinness, its domed contour, and its contiguity with abdominal soft tissues. Each clinical situation involving the diaphragm presents its own imaging difficulties, and each radiographic technique has advantages and disadvantages. No one modality is best for all situations. Often, several imaging modalities must be used to resolve the clinical question. The particular difficulties in diaphragmatic imaging are (1) distinguishing eventration from paralysis or hernia, (2) distinguishing lipoma from herniated omental fat, and (3) distinguishing unilateral paralysis from weakness and bilateral paralysis from respiratory fatigue. By selecting and applying the appropriate radiographic techniques, the radiologist can serve an essential role in assessing the disorders of the diaphragm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Thoracic Imaging
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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