Purpose: To evaluate the use of immediate postoperative alignment measurements as a predictor of future alignment stability in fixed suture strabismus surgery. Methods: Forty-seven patients were prospectively evaluated after undergoing horizontal or vertical rectus muscle surgery using a fixed suture technique. Alignment measurements were taken approximately 1 hour, 1 to 3 weeks, and 2 to 3 months postoperatively. A Spearman correlation coefficient was used to compare measurements from the immediate postoperative period to the 2- to 3-month postoperative period. Patients with dissociated strabismus, only oblique muscle surgery, or poor vision in one or both eyes precluding precise alternate cover test were excluded. Results: Mean age of all patients was 46.7 years (range: 12 to 86 years). Twenty-two patients underwent surgery for exotropia: 19 for esotropia and 6 for hypertropia. Mean alignment for all surgeries was 2 prism diopters (PD) undercorrection in the immediate postoperative period, which was similar to the mean of 4.6 PD undercorrection at 2 to 3 months postoperatively. However, the Spearman correlation between the immediate postoperative and 2- to 3-month postoperative measurements was 0.18 for all surgeries, 0.03 for exotropia, 0.56 for esotropia, and 0.40 for hypertropia. The overall success rate, defined as 8 PD or less of horizontal deviation and 4 PD or less of vertical deviation, was 77% at 2 to 3 months postoperatively. Conclusions: The relationship between immediate postoperative alignment and future alignment stability in fixed suture strabismus surgery has not been previously defined. The current study demonstrated that although the surgical success rate was reasonably good, poor correlation occurred between the alignment immediately postoperatively and 2 to 3 months postoperatively.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health