Immune suppression blocks sodium-sensitive hypertension following recovery from ischemic acute renal failure

Kimberly R. Pechman, David P. Basile, Hayley Lund, David L. Mattson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study determined the effect of immune suppression with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) on sodium-sensitive hypertension following recovery from ischemia reperfusion (I/R)-induced acute renal failure. Male Sprague-Dawley rats fed 0.4% NaCl chow were subjected to 40 min bilateral I/R or control sham surgery. After 35 days of recovery, when plasma creatinine levels had returned to normal, the rats were switched to 4.0% NaCl chow for 28 days and administered vehicle or MMF (20 mg·kg-1·day-1 ip). High-salt mean arterial pressure was significantly higher in I/R rats (144 ± 16 mmHg) compared with vehicle-treated sham rats (122 ± 2 mmHg). Treatment of I/R rats with MMF during the period of high salt intake prevented the salt-induced increase in arterial pressure (114 ± 3 mmHg). Conscious creatinine clearance was lower in I/R rats (0.27 ± 0.07 ml·min-1·100 g body wt-1) compared with vehicle-treated sham rats (0.58 ± 0.04 ml·min -1·100 g body wt-1); MMF treatment prevented the decrease in creatinine clearance in I/R rats (0.64 ± 0.07 ml·min-1·100 g body wt-1). I/R injury also significantly increased glomerular tissue damage and increased the presence of ED-1 positive (macrophages) and S100A4 positive cells (fibroblasts) in the renal interstitium. The I/R rats treated with MMF exhibited a significant reduction in infiltrating macrophages and fibroblasts and decreased histological damage. The present data indicate that infiltrating immune cells mediate or participate in the development of sodium-sensitive hypertension and renal damage in rats apparently recovered from renal I/R injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1234-R1239
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume294
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2008

Keywords

  • Hypertension
  • Ischemia
  • Rats
  • Sodium dependent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology

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