It is well established that autoimmune Graves' disease, which is characterized by hyperthyroidism, is mediated by autoantibodies to the thyrotropin receptor (TSHr). Although what initially triggers this autoantibody response is not known, a number of studies have suggested that Yersinia enterocolitica, an enterobacteria, could initiate the immune response against the TSHr. In this study, we produced antibodies against purified extracellular domain of human TSHr (ETSHr) and showed that anti- ETSHr antibodies reacted with envelope preparations from Y. enterocolitica. This reactivity was specifically blocked by preincubating sera with purified ETSHr. Moreover, antibodies reactive with ETSHr were induced by immunizing mice with Y. enterocolitica but not with Shigella flexneri SA100, Salmonella typhimurium TML, and Listeria monocytogenes. Anti-Y. enterocolitica antisera specifically reacted with the ETSHr protein and the reactivity could be blocked both by ETSHr and Y. enterocolitica envelope proteins. Our studies provide the first direct evidence that immunization with Y. enterocolitica can lead to the production of antibodies capable of reacting with TSHr and might provide the initial stimulus necessary for breakdown of self-tolerance to TSHr, eventually leading to the development of autoimmunity to TSHr.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy