Immunohistochemical studies on the TGF beta-related protein in the early development of Xenopus laevis

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By the method of immunocytochemistry, using the polyclonal antibodies raised against the 1-29 N-terminal residues of TGF beta-1, we found that the protein could bind to the antibodies was present in the early embryos of Xenopus. The protein was named TGF beta-related protein. It was distributed mainly in the endoderm from blastula (stg. 7) to late neurula. In the blastula (stg. 8), the protein was localized in the vegetal hemisphere near the floor of the blastocoel [Plate I, Fig. 1]. In the early gastrula (stg. 10.5) [Plate I, Fig. 2], it was localized in the central part of the vegetal hemisphere. In late gastrula (stg. 12), it was mainly distributed around the gastrocoel [Plate I, Fig. 3], but the fluorescence in endoderm cells (ventral part beneath the gastrocoel) was stronger than in the mesoderm cells (dorsal part of the gastrocoel). In the early neurula (stg. 14), the whole endoderm displayed strong fluorescence and the part of dorsal mesoderm (presumptive somite & notochord) close to endoderm was also found to be positively stained [Plate I, Fig. 4,5], but the part close to neural plate was negative. In The late neurula (stg. 20) [Plate I, Fig. 6], it was found in the central area of yolk mass (endoderm cells). No positive stain was detected in the unfertilized egg, embryos earlier than stage and later than stage 20/21.2+ protein in early development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-121
Number of pages9
JournalShi yan sheng wu xue bao
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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