Rhodanese has been utilized as a model enzyme for the study of protein structure-function relationships. The enzyme has recently been cloned and the recombinant enzyme is now available for investigation. However, prior to use in structure-function studies, the recombinant enzyme must be shown to have the same structure and activity as the bovine liver enzyme used in the previous studies. An immunological study of the conformations of these enzyme conformers is described. Three antibodies (two monoclonal and one polyclonal, site-directed antibody) were shown to detect distinct and nonoverlapping epitopes. The epitopes of the monoclonal antirhodanese antibodies (R207 and MAB11) were mapped to the same CNBr digest fragment of the amino terminal domain of rhodanese, and the epitope of the site-directed antibody prepared against the interdomain tether sequence of rhodanese (PAT-T1) was mapped to that region of rhodanese (residues 142-156). The rhodanese conformers were studied by monitoring the accessibility of the epitopes recognized by each antibody in each conformer using an indirect ELISA. None of the antibodies could detect its epitope on the purified liver enzyme. Two of the antibodies (R207 and PAT-T1) could also not detect their epitopes on the recombinant enzyme. However, MAB11 did detect a conformational difference between the natural and recombinant rhodanese conformers, indicating the conformational difference is localized in the first 73 amino acids of rhodanese. This difference presumably reflects the difference in the histories of the two enzymes and may be due to differences in enzyme folding, differences in the purification procedures, and differences in storage conditions-all of which could influence the final conformation of the enzyme.
- indirect ELISA
ASJC Scopus subject areas