Immunophenotypic comparison of testicular sclerosing Sertoli cell tumors and Sertoli cell tumors not otherwise specified

Hector Mesa, Chen Zhang, Juan C. Manivel, Thomas M. Ulbright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Testicular Sertoli cell tumors (SCTs) are rare, and most fall into the category of SCT–not otherwise specified (SCT-NOS). Only a few additional types of SCT are recognized. Sclerosing SCT (S-SCT), originally described in 1991, comprises a small fraction of SCTs and was considered a specific entity until the 2016 revision of the World Health Organization classification of non–germ cell tumors, where it was classified as a morphologic variant of SCT-NOS. In a recent study, differences in expression of PAX2/PAX8, inhibin, androgen receptor, and S100 protein between SCT-NOS and S-SCT were noted in a small number of cases. In this interinstitutional study, we compared the expression of these markers and β-catenin in 11 cases each of SCT-NOS and S-SCT to determine if differences exist that could justify keeping a separate classification of these neoplasms. PAX2/PAX8 cocktail was the only marker that was significantly overexpressed in S-SCT. Expression of androgen receptors was strong in S-SCT and variable in SCT-NOS but did not reach statistical significance. Expression of β-catenin was common in both, whereas inhibin was infrequent. The available material was insufficient for a conclusive evaluation of S100 protein expression. Overall, our results support the inclusion of S-SCT as a morphologic variant of SCT-NOS. Expression of PAX2/PAX8 in S-SCT may reflect an overactive epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition as has been shown in experimental models of acute and chronic seminiferous tubular injury and might be related to the process generating the stroma in these tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-102
Number of pages4
JournalHuman pathology
StatePublished - Oct 2017


  • Immunohistochemistry
  • PAX8 and PAX2
  • Receptors, androgen
  • Sertoli cells
  • Testicular neoplasms
  • β-Catenin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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