Immunostimulators induce granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating activity and block proliferation in a monocyte tumor cell line

P. Ralph, Hal Broxmeyer, I. Nakoinz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Monocyte tumor cell line PU5-1.8 does not normally produce colony-stimulating activity (CSA) required by granulocyte and macrophage progenitors to proliferate and mature in agar. However, CSA is induced in the culture line by as little as 10 ng/ml endotoxic lipopolysaccharide (LPS), with maximum CSA production and release to the medium between 2 and 3 days of incubation. Derived lipid A, but not alkali-treated LPS, is also active. Induction requires RNA and protein synthesis, but is not blocked by mitomycin C or Colcemid. Other inducers of CSA include Mycobacterium Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, tuberculin protein preparation purified protein derivative, zymosan, and phorbol myristate. All inducing agents are specific inhibitors of the monocyte tumor cell proliferation in vitro. Latex beads, another macrophage-activating agent, are rapidly phagocytosed by PU5-1.8 cells, but neither inhibit growth nor induce CSA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)611-616
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Volume146
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

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Tumor Cell Line
Granulocytes
Monocytes
Macrophages
Lipopolysaccharides
Demecolcine
Lipid A
Granulocyte-Macrophage Progenitor Cells
Proteins
Zymosan
Tuberculin
Myristic Acid
Alkalies
Mitomycin
Mycobacterium
Mycobacterium bovis
Microspheres
Phagocytosis
Agar
Cell Proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

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abstract = "Monocyte tumor cell line PU5-1.8 does not normally produce colony-stimulating activity (CSA) required by granulocyte and macrophage progenitors to proliferate and mature in agar. However, CSA is induced in the culture line by as little as 10 ng/ml endotoxic lipopolysaccharide (LPS), with maximum CSA production and release to the medium between 2 and 3 days of incubation. Derived lipid A, but not alkali-treated LPS, is also active. Induction requires RNA and protein synthesis, but is not blocked by mitomycin C or Colcemid. Other inducers of CSA include Mycobacterium Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, tuberculin protein preparation purified protein derivative, zymosan, and phorbol myristate. All inducing agents are specific inhibitors of the monocyte tumor cell proliferation in vitro. Latex beads, another macrophage-activating agent, are rapidly phagocytosed by PU5-1.8 cells, but neither inhibit growth nor induce CSA.",
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AU - Ralph, P.

AU - Broxmeyer, Hal

AU - Nakoinz, I.

PY - 1977

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N2 - Monocyte tumor cell line PU5-1.8 does not normally produce colony-stimulating activity (CSA) required by granulocyte and macrophage progenitors to proliferate and mature in agar. However, CSA is induced in the culture line by as little as 10 ng/ml endotoxic lipopolysaccharide (LPS), with maximum CSA production and release to the medium between 2 and 3 days of incubation. Derived lipid A, but not alkali-treated LPS, is also active. Induction requires RNA and protein synthesis, but is not blocked by mitomycin C or Colcemid. Other inducers of CSA include Mycobacterium Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, tuberculin protein preparation purified protein derivative, zymosan, and phorbol myristate. All inducing agents are specific inhibitors of the monocyte tumor cell proliferation in vitro. Latex beads, another macrophage-activating agent, are rapidly phagocytosed by PU5-1.8 cells, but neither inhibit growth nor induce CSA.

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