Impact of bedside lung ultrasound on physician clinical decision-making in an emergency department in Nepal

Darlene R. House, Yogendra Amatya, Benjamin Nti, Frances M. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Lung ultrasound is an effective tool for the evaluation of undifferentiated dyspnea in the emergency department. Impact of lung ultrasound on clinical decisions for the evaluation of patients with dyspnea in resource-limited settings is not well-known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of lung ultrasound on clinical decision-making for patients presenting with dyspnea to an emergency department in the resource-limited setting of Nepal. Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional study of clinicians working in the Patan Hospital Emergency Department was performed. Clinicians performed lung ultrasounds on patients presenting with dyspnea and submitted ultrasounds with their pre-test diagnosis, lung ultrasound interpretation, post-test diagnosis, and any change in management. Results: Twenty-two clinicians participated in the study, completing 280 lung ultrasounds. Diagnosis changed in 124 (44.3%) of patients with dyspnea. Clinicians reported a change in management based on the lung ultrasound in 150 cases (53.6%). Of the changes in management, the majority involved treatment (83.3%) followed by disposition (13.3%) and new consults (2.7%). Conclusions: In an emergency department in Nepal, bedside lung ultrasound had a significant impact on physician clinical decision-making, especially on patient diagnosis and treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14
JournalInternational Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2020

Keywords

  • Clinical decision-making
  • Developing countries
  • Diagnosis
  • Lung ultrasound
  • Nepal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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