Impact of deceased donor cardiac arrest time on postpancreas transplant graft function and survival

Joel R. Schroering, Richard S. Mangus, John A. Powelson, Jonathan A. Fridell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction. Transplantation of pancreas allografts from donors that have experienced preprocurement cardiopulmonary arrest (PPCA) is not common, though use of PPCA grafts is routine in liver and kidney transplantation. This article reviews a large number of PPCA pancreas grafts at a single center and reports posttransplant outcomes including early graft dysfunction, length of hospital stay, rejection, and early and late graft survival. Methods. Preprocurement cardiopulmonary arrest, arrest time, and donor and recipient pancreatic enzyme levels were collected from electronic and written medical records. The PPCA donors were stratified into 4 groups: none, less than 20 minutes, 20-39 minutes, and 40 minutes or greater. Graft survival was assessed at 7 and 90 days and at 1 year. Long-term graft survival was assessed by Cox regression analysis. Results. The records of 606 pancreas transplants were reviewed, including 328 (54%) simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplants. Preprocurement cardiopulmonary arrest occurred in 176 donors (29%; median time, 20 minutes). Median peak donor lipase was higher in PPCA donors (40 μ/L vs 29 μ/L, P = 0.02). Posttransplant, peak recipient amylase, and lipase levels were similar (P = 0.63). Prolonged arrest time (>40 minutes) was associated with higher donor peak lipase and lower recipient peak amylase (P = 0.05 for both). Stratified by donor arrest time, there was no difference in 7-day, 90-day, or 1-year graft survival. Cox regression comparing the 4 groups demonstrated no statistical difference in 10-year survival. Conclusions. These results support transplantation of pancreas allografts from PPCA donors. Prolonged asystole was associated with higher peak donor serum lipase but lower peak recipient serum amylase. There were no differences in allograft survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere381
JournalTransplantation Direct
Volume4
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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