Impaired default network functional connectivity in autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease

Jasmeer P. Chhatwal, Aaron P. Schultz, Keith Johnson, Tammie L.S. Benzinger, Clifford Jack, Beau M. Ances, Caroline A. Sullivan, Stephen P. Salloway, John M. Ringman, Robert A. Koeppe, Daniel S. Marcus, Paul Thompson, Andrew J. Saykin, Stephen Correia, Peter R. Schofield, Christopher C. Rowe, Nick C. Fox, Adam M. Brickman, Richard Mayeux, Eric McDadeRandall Bateman, Anne M. Fagan, Allison M. Goate, Chengjie Xiong, Virginia D. Buckles, John C. Morris, Reisa A. Sperling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate default mode network (DMN) functional connectivity MRI (fcMRI) in a large cross-sectional cohort of subjects from families harboring pathogenic presenilin-1 (PSEN1), presenilin- 2 (PSEN2), and amyloid precursor protein (APP)mutations participating in the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network. Methods: Eighty-three mutation carriers and 37 asymptomatic noncarriers from the same families underwent fMRI during resting state at 8 centers in the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia. Using group-independent component analysis, fcMRI was compared using mutation status and Clinical Dementia Rating to stratify groups, and related to each participant's estimated years from expected symptom onset (eYO). Results: We observed significantly decreased DMN fcMRI in mutation carriers with increasing Clinical Dementia Rating, most evident in the precuneus/posterior cingulate and parietal cortices (p , 0.001). Comparison of asymptomatic mutation carriers with noncarriers demonstrated decreased fcMRI in the precuneus/posterior cingulate (p 5 0.014) and right parietal cortex (p 5 0.0016). We observed a significant interaction between mutation carrier status and eYO, with decreases in DMN fcMRI observed as mutation carriers approached and surpassed their eYO. Conclusion: Functional disruption of the DMN occurs early in the course of autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease, beginning before clinically evident symptoms, and worsening with increased impairment. These findings suggest that DMN fcMRI may prove useful as a biomarker across a wide spectrum of disease, and support the feasibility of DMN fcMRI as a secondary endpoint in upcoming multicenter clinical trials in Alzheimer disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)736-744
Number of pages9
JournalNeurology
Volume81
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2013
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impaired default network functional connectivity in autosomal dominant Alzheimer disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this