The imprinted multimembrane-spanning polyspecific transporter-like gene 1 (IMPT1) encodes a predicted protein with organic cation transport capabilities. As a first step in understanding the function of IMPT1, we identified the renal structures expressing this gene in knockout mice with adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency and 2,8-dihydroxyadenine (DHA) nephrolithiasis. IMPT1 mRNA was not detected using a standard in situ hybridization (ISH) protocol, but we observed intense staining in cortico-medullary tubules and glomeruli in wild-type mice using an improved reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) ISH procedure. IMPT1 mRNA expression was significantly decreased in the cortical region in kidney sections from APRT-deficient male mice. APRT-deficient female mice are less severely affected by DHA-induced kidney stone disease, and we observed only a modest reduction in IMPT1 expression in kidneys from these mice. IMPT1 expression in APRT heterozygous mice was comparable to that in wild-type mice, suggesting imprinting of one of the parental alleles. These findings suggest that decreased IMPT1 mRNA expression may contribute to the impaired renal function in APRT-deficient male mice, and that RT-PCR ISH is a valuable tool for localizing the site of expression of transcripts that are not detectable using standard ISH procedures.
- 2,8-Dihydroxadenine nephrolithiasis
- Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency
- Impaired renal transport
- Imprinted multimembrane-spanning polyspecific transporter-like gene 1
- In situ hybridization
- Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction
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