Important child occupant saftety trends, Indiana between 2005 and 2010

Joseph O'Neil, Marilyn J. Bull, Judith Talty, James E. Slaven

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study reviews trends, rear facing, top tether use, and seating position for children younger than 13y among motor vehicle passengers in Indiana. This is an observational, cross-sectional survey of drivers transporting children 15 years and younger and drivers collected at 25 convenience locations randomly selected in Indiana during summers 2005 through 2010. Observations were conducted by Certified Child Passenger Safety Technicians (CPST). As the driver completed a written survey collecting demographic data on the driver and children, the CPST recorded the vehicle seating location, the type of restraint, direction the car safety seat (CSS) was facing, and use of the CSS harness or safety belt as appropriate. Data was analyzed for infants younger than twelve months, children in forward facing CSS, and children < 13y. Between 2005 and 2010, 514 infants (age < 12m) were observed in motor vehicles. On average 83.5% (SD 4.8%) of the infants were rear facing. The percent of infants rear facing was 75.5% during 2005 and rose to 88.9% during 2010. Of the 442 vehicles observed with a forward facing car seat, 58% (SD 16.5%) had the top tether attached. In our sample, more than 88.7% (SD 0.8%) children < 13y were seated in a rear seat vehicle position. Driver variables affecting occupant protection are discussed. This information can be used by primary care providers and child passenger safety technicians and other child passenger safety advocates to develop counseling points and educational campaigns.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAnnals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
Pages27-32
Number of pages6
Volume55
StatePublished - 2011
Event55th Annual Scientific Conference on Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine - Paris, France
Duration: Oct 3 2011Oct 5 2011

Other

Other55th Annual Scientific Conference on Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
CountryFrance
CityParis
Period10/3/1110/5/11

Fingerprint

Seats
Safety
Railroad cars
Motor Vehicles
Child Restraint Systems
Counseling
Primary Health Care
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

O'Neil, J., Bull, M. J., Talty, J., & Slaven, J. E. (2011). Important child occupant saftety trends, Indiana between 2005 and 2010. In Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine (Vol. 55, pp. 27-32)

Important child occupant saftety trends, Indiana between 2005 and 2010. / O'Neil, Joseph; Bull, Marilyn J.; Talty, Judith; Slaven, James E.

Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine. Vol. 55 2011. p. 27-32.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

O'Neil, J, Bull, MJ, Talty, J & Slaven, JE 2011, Important child occupant saftety trends, Indiana between 2005 and 2010. in Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine. vol. 55, pp. 27-32, 55th Annual Scientific Conference on Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine, Paris, France, 10/3/11.
O'Neil J, Bull MJ, Talty J, Slaven JE. Important child occupant saftety trends, Indiana between 2005 and 2010. In Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine. Vol. 55. 2011. p. 27-32
O'Neil, Joseph ; Bull, Marilyn J. ; Talty, Judith ; Slaven, James E. / Important child occupant saftety trends, Indiana between 2005 and 2010. Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine. Vol. 55 2011. pp. 27-32
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