Improved RIDIT statistic approach provides more intuitive and informative interpretation of EQ-5D data

Abdelghafour Marfak, Ibtissam Youlyouz-Marfak, Youness El Achhab, Elmadani Saad, Chakib Nejjari, Abderraouf Hilali, Jack Turman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: EQ-5D is generic measure of health-related quality of life. Studies using EQ-5D generate ordinal data that are interpreted as categories ordered by severity. New analytic approaches taking into account the ordinal nature of the health dimension severity and leading to a better interpretation of EQ-5D data are needed to better elucidate differences in health-related quality of life. We propose utilizing the Improved RIDIT statistical method to analyze EQ-5D outcomes. Methods: 556 Moroccan participants aged over 18 years representing four chronic diseases: back pain (n = 158), renal insufficiency (n = 56), diabetes (n = 82) or hypertension (n = 80) and healthy subjects (n = 180). All participants received the two EQ-5D versions. Two other published data sets were included. The first was extracted from a diabetic Spain study and the second was extracted from a clinical trial study. The Improved RIDIT analyses were carried out using an R statistic program we developed. Results: Applying the Improved RIDIT on the EQ-5D data allowed estimating for the first time the ordinal odds, the Absolute Risk Reduction (ARR) or the Absolute Risk Increase (ARI) and the Number Needed to Treat. The ARI values estimated for Moroccan patients showed that (i) hypertension increased anxiety/depression by 66% and reduced mobility by 65%; (ii) back pain increased pain/discomfort by 69%; (iii) renal insufficiency impacts mobility (ARI = 57%, oddsordinal = 9.95) and usual activities (ARI = 44%, oddsordinal = 6.41) and (iv) diabetes acts only on anxiety/depression (ARI = 50%, oddsordinal = 4.8). Also, we demonstrated that the approach works well in clinical trials. Conclusions: Improved RIDIT provides more intuitive and informative interpretation of the EQ-5D data by (1) taking into account the level severity; estimating (2) the odds ordinal, (3) the ARR/ARI and the NNT; (4) analyzing the five dimensions of the EQ-5D separately, which gives clinical teams more precision in understanding the treatment/pathology impacts on the health status and completes the EQ-5D data analysis based on score utilities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number63
JournalHealth and Quality of Life Outcomes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 10 2020


  • Absolute risk reduction
  • EQ-5D-3 L
  • EQ-5D-5 L
  • Improved RIDIT
  • Number needed to treat
  • Ordinal odds
  • Statistical analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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