Improving Decision Analyses: Parent Preferences (Utility Values) for Pediatric Health Outcomes

Aaron E. Carroll, Stephen M. Downs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Scopus citations


Objective: To gather and calculate utilities for a wide range of health states in the pediatric population. Study design: The study subjects, parents or guardians at least 18 years of age with at least 1 child under age 18 years, were recruited through our Pediatric Research Network (PResNet). Recruitment locations included pediatric clinics, the Indiana State Fair, and public and private conventions. Each subject's utilities were assessed on 3 random health states out of 29 chosen for the study. Both the time trade-off and standard gamble methods were used to measure utilities. Results: Utilities were assessed in a total of 4016 participants (a recruitment rate of 88%). Utility values ranged from a high for acute otitis media (0.96 by standard gamble; 0.97 by time trade-off) to a low for severe mental retardation (0.59 by standard gamble; 0.51 by time trade-off). Conclusions: Our extensive data set of utility assessments for a wide range of disease states can aid future economic evaluations of pediatric health care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-25.e5
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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