Impulsivity and Comorbid PTSD and Binge Drinking

Jesse Walker, Kaitlin E. Bountress, Casey D. Calhoun, Isha W. Metzger, Zachary Adams, Ananda Amstadter, Suzanne Thomas, Carla Kmett Danielson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Trauma exposure is common, with estimates of 28% to 90% of adults reporting at least one traumatic event over their lifetime. Those exposed to traumatic events are at risk for alcohol misuse (i.e., binge drinking), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or both. A potential underlying mechanism for this comorbidity is increased impulsivity—the tendency to act rashly. Little work to date has examined the impact of different impulsogenic traits on this comorbidity. Methods: This study (n = 162) investigated trauma-exposed young adults (aged 21–30) who had endorsed a lifetime interpersonal trauma. In addition, three impulsogenic traits (motor, nonplanning, and attentional) were measured. Results: Over and above the covariates for age, gender, race, and traumatic events, greater attentional impulsivity was associated with greater likelihood of meeting criteria for PTSD and binge drinking, compared to meeting criteria for PTSD, binge drinking, or neither. Neither nonplanning impulsivity nor motor impulsivity exerted unique effects. Conclusions: Young adults who report difficulty attending to immediate stimuli within their environment may be unable to think about and/or process the traumatic event, potentially increasing risk for PTSD and maladaptive coping skills to manage this distress (e.g., alcohol misuse, binge drinking).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-95
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Dual Diagnosis
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 3 2018

Fingerprint

Binge Drinking
Impulsive Behavior
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Comorbidity
Young Adult
Wounds and Injuries
Alcohols
Psychological Adaptation

Keywords

  • binge drinking
  • impulsivity
  • PTSD
  • Trauma
  • young adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Walker, J., Bountress, K. E., Calhoun, C. D., Metzger, I. W., Adams, Z., Amstadter, A., ... Danielson, C. K. (2018). Impulsivity and Comorbid PTSD and Binge Drinking. Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 14(2), 89-95. https://doi.org/10.1080/15504263.2018.1439212

Impulsivity and Comorbid PTSD and Binge Drinking. / Walker, Jesse; Bountress, Kaitlin E.; Calhoun, Casey D.; Metzger, Isha W.; Adams, Zachary; Amstadter, Ananda; Thomas, Suzanne; Danielson, Carla Kmett.

In: Journal of Dual Diagnosis, Vol. 14, No. 2, 03.04.2018, p. 89-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Walker, J, Bountress, KE, Calhoun, CD, Metzger, IW, Adams, Z, Amstadter, A, Thomas, S & Danielson, CK 2018, 'Impulsivity and Comorbid PTSD and Binge Drinking', Journal of Dual Diagnosis, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 89-95. https://doi.org/10.1080/15504263.2018.1439212
Walker J, Bountress KE, Calhoun CD, Metzger IW, Adams Z, Amstadter A et al. Impulsivity and Comorbid PTSD and Binge Drinking. Journal of Dual Diagnosis. 2018 Apr 3;14(2):89-95. https://doi.org/10.1080/15504263.2018.1439212
Walker, Jesse ; Bountress, Kaitlin E. ; Calhoun, Casey D. ; Metzger, Isha W. ; Adams, Zachary ; Amstadter, Ananda ; Thomas, Suzanne ; Danielson, Carla Kmett. / Impulsivity and Comorbid PTSD and Binge Drinking. In: Journal of Dual Diagnosis. 2018 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 89-95.
@article{a23aac4ab74c44c9a8b0059df810ece2,
title = "Impulsivity and Comorbid PTSD and Binge Drinking",
abstract = "Objective: Trauma exposure is common, with estimates of 28{\%} to 90{\%} of adults reporting at least one traumatic event over their lifetime. Those exposed to traumatic events are at risk for alcohol misuse (i.e., binge drinking), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or both. A potential underlying mechanism for this comorbidity is increased impulsivity—the tendency to act rashly. Little work to date has examined the impact of different impulsogenic traits on this comorbidity. Methods: This study (n = 162) investigated trauma-exposed young adults (aged 21–30) who had endorsed a lifetime interpersonal trauma. In addition, three impulsogenic traits (motor, nonplanning, and attentional) were measured. Results: Over and above the covariates for age, gender, race, and traumatic events, greater attentional impulsivity was associated with greater likelihood of meeting criteria for PTSD and binge drinking, compared to meeting criteria for PTSD, binge drinking, or neither. Neither nonplanning impulsivity nor motor impulsivity exerted unique effects. Conclusions: Young adults who report difficulty attending to immediate stimuli within their environment may be unable to think about and/or process the traumatic event, potentially increasing risk for PTSD and maladaptive coping skills to manage this distress (e.g., alcohol misuse, binge drinking).",
keywords = "binge drinking, impulsivity, PTSD, Trauma, young adults",
author = "Jesse Walker and Bountress, {Kaitlin E.} and Calhoun, {Casey D.} and Metzger, {Isha W.} and Zachary Adams and Ananda Amstadter and Suzanne Thomas and Danielson, {Carla Kmett}",
year = "2018",
month = "4",
day = "3",
doi = "10.1080/15504263.2018.1439212",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "89--95",
journal = "Journal of Dual Diagnosis",
issn = "1550-4263",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impulsivity and Comorbid PTSD and Binge Drinking

AU - Walker, Jesse

AU - Bountress, Kaitlin E.

AU - Calhoun, Casey D.

AU - Metzger, Isha W.

AU - Adams, Zachary

AU - Amstadter, Ananda

AU - Thomas, Suzanne

AU - Danielson, Carla Kmett

PY - 2018/4/3

Y1 - 2018/4/3

N2 - Objective: Trauma exposure is common, with estimates of 28% to 90% of adults reporting at least one traumatic event over their lifetime. Those exposed to traumatic events are at risk for alcohol misuse (i.e., binge drinking), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or both. A potential underlying mechanism for this comorbidity is increased impulsivity—the tendency to act rashly. Little work to date has examined the impact of different impulsogenic traits on this comorbidity. Methods: This study (n = 162) investigated trauma-exposed young adults (aged 21–30) who had endorsed a lifetime interpersonal trauma. In addition, three impulsogenic traits (motor, nonplanning, and attentional) were measured. Results: Over and above the covariates for age, gender, race, and traumatic events, greater attentional impulsivity was associated with greater likelihood of meeting criteria for PTSD and binge drinking, compared to meeting criteria for PTSD, binge drinking, or neither. Neither nonplanning impulsivity nor motor impulsivity exerted unique effects. Conclusions: Young adults who report difficulty attending to immediate stimuli within their environment may be unable to think about and/or process the traumatic event, potentially increasing risk for PTSD and maladaptive coping skills to manage this distress (e.g., alcohol misuse, binge drinking).

AB - Objective: Trauma exposure is common, with estimates of 28% to 90% of adults reporting at least one traumatic event over their lifetime. Those exposed to traumatic events are at risk for alcohol misuse (i.e., binge drinking), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), or both. A potential underlying mechanism for this comorbidity is increased impulsivity—the tendency to act rashly. Little work to date has examined the impact of different impulsogenic traits on this comorbidity. Methods: This study (n = 162) investigated trauma-exposed young adults (aged 21–30) who had endorsed a lifetime interpersonal trauma. In addition, three impulsogenic traits (motor, nonplanning, and attentional) were measured. Results: Over and above the covariates for age, gender, race, and traumatic events, greater attentional impulsivity was associated with greater likelihood of meeting criteria for PTSD and binge drinking, compared to meeting criteria for PTSD, binge drinking, or neither. Neither nonplanning impulsivity nor motor impulsivity exerted unique effects. Conclusions: Young adults who report difficulty attending to immediate stimuli within their environment may be unable to think about and/or process the traumatic event, potentially increasing risk for PTSD and maladaptive coping skills to manage this distress (e.g., alcohol misuse, binge drinking).

KW - binge drinking

KW - impulsivity

KW - PTSD

KW - Trauma

KW - young adults

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85050645878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85050645878&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15504263.2018.1439212

DO - 10.1080/15504263.2018.1439212

M3 - Article

C2 - 29505396

AN - SCOPUS:85050645878

VL - 14

SP - 89

EP - 95

JO - Journal of Dual Diagnosis

JF - Journal of Dual Diagnosis

SN - 1550-4263

IS - 2

ER -