In staphylococcus aureus, the particulate state of the cell envelope is required for the efficient induction of host defense responses

Byung Hyun Kim, Ting Ting Jiang, Jun Hyun Bae, Hye Su Yun, Seong Han Jang, Jung Hyun Kim, Jae Deog Kim, Jin Hoe Hur, Kensuke Shibata, Kenji Kurokawa, Yunjin Jung, Andreas Peschel, Taeok Bae, Bok Luel Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Upon microbial infection, host immune cells recognize bacterial cell envelope components through cognate receptors. Although bacterial cell envelope components function as innate immune molecules, the role of the physical state of the bacterial cell envelope (i.e., particulate versus soluble) in host immune activation has not been clearly defined. Here, using two different forms of the staphylococcal cell envelope of Staphylococcus aureus RN4220 and USA300 LAC strains, we provide biochemical and immunological evidence that the particulate state is required for the effective activation of host innate immune responses. In a murine model of peritoneal infection, the particulate form of the staphylococcal cell envelope (PCE) induced the production of chemokine (CX-C motif) ligand 1 (CXCL1) and CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2), the chemotactic cytokines for neutrophils and monocytes, respectively, resulting in a strong influx of the phagocytes into the peritoneal cavity. In contrast, compared with PCE, the soluble form of cell envelope (SCE), which was derived from PCE by treatment with cell wall-hydrolyzing enzymes, showed minimal activity. PCE also induced the secretion of calprotectin (myeloid-related protein 8/14 [MRP8/14] complex), a phagocyte-derived antimicrobial protein, into the peritoneal cavity at a much higher level than did SCE. The injected PCE particles were phagocytosed by the infiltrated neutrophils and monocytes and then delivered to mediastinal draining lymph nodes. More importantly, intraperitoneally (i.p.) injected PCE efficiently protected mice from S. aureus infection, which was abolished by the depletion of either monocytes/macrophages or neutrophils. This study demonstrated that the physical state of bacterial cells is a critical factor for efficient host immune activation and the protection of hosts from staphylococcal infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00674-19
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume87
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • Cell envelope
  • Chemokines
  • Host defense
  • Innate immunity
  • Phagocytes
  • Staphylococcus aureus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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  • Cite this

    Kim, B. H., Jiang, T. T., Bae, J. H., Yun, H. S., Jang, S. H., Kim, J. H., Kim, J. D., Hur, J. H., Shibata, K., Kurokawa, K., Jung, Y., Peschel, A., Bae, T., & Lee, B. L. (2019). In staphylococcus aureus, the particulate state of the cell envelope is required for the efficient induction of host defense responses. Infection and immunity, 87(12), [e00674-19]. https://doi.org/10.1128/IAI.00674-19