Purpose: We identified the predominance of neurokinin-2 receptors and evaluated the inhibition of spontaneous contraction via the blockade of neurokinin-2 receptors in human ureteral segments. Materials and Methods: Excess ureteral segments from human subjects undergoing donor nephrectomy or reconstructive procedures were suspended in tissue baths containing Krebs buffer. After spontaneous contractions were recorded, tissues were incubated with 1 μM. solutions of phosphoramidon and captopril (to inhibit peptide degradation) and either the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist CP 99,994, the neurokinin-2 receptor antagonist SR 48,968, the neurokinin-3 receptor antagonist SR 142,801 or dimethyl sulfoxide (control) for 1 hour. Contraction magnitude and frequency were again recorded and compared with spontaneous levels. Concentration-response curves to the tachykinins substance P, and neurokinins A and B were determined in the presence and absence of antagonists. Results: Neurokinin A increased contractility at lower concentrations than substance P or neurokinin B (p <0.013). Neurokinin-2 receptor blockade produced a 100-fold rightward shift of the concentration-response curves (p <0.013), while neurokinins 1 and 3 receptor blockade bad no effect. SR 48,968 significantly reduced contractility during the 1-hour incubation period, causing a 97% reduction in spontaneous rates compared with a 29% reduction in control tissues. CP 99,994 and SR 142,801 had no significant effect. Conclusions: Neurokinin-2 is the predominant receptor subtype responsible for tachykinin induced contraction of human ureteral smooth muscle. In vitro treatment with the neurokinin-2 antagonist SR 48,968 reduces the spontaneous contraction rate by 97% in vitro. Neurokinin-2 receptor antagonists may have clinical applications for ureteral disease.
- Muscle contraction
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