In vitro phosphorylation of ciliary dyneins by protein kinases from Paramecium

C. E. Walczak, D. L. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Paramecium dyneins were tested as substrates for phosphorylation by cAMP-dependent protein kinase, cGMP-dependent protein kinase, and two Ca2+-dependent protein kinases that were partially purified from Paramecium extracts. Only cAMP-dependent protein kinase caused significant phosphorylation. The major phosphorylated species was a 29 kDa protein that was present in both 22 S and 12 S dyneins; its phosphate-accepting activity peaked with 22 S dynein. In vitro phosphorylation was maximal at five minutes, then decreased. This decrease in phosphorylation was inhibited by the addition of vanadate or NaF. The 29 kDa protein was not phosphorylated by a heterologous cAMP-dependent protein kinase, the bovine catalytic subunit. Phosphorylation of dynein did not change its ATPase activity. In sucrose gradient fractions from the last step of dynein purification, phosphorylation by an endogenous kinase occurred. This phosphorylation could not be attributed to the small amounts of cAMP- and cGMP-dependent protein kinases known to be present, nor was it Ca2+-dependent. This previously uncharacterized ciliary protein kinase used casein as an in vitro substrate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1369-1376
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cell science
Volume106
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1993
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Axoneme
  • Casein kinase
  • Motility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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