Laser fluorescence (LF) is thought to be a quantitative technique for the measurement of mineral loss from dental caries. These studies aimed to demonstrate the quantitative nature of LF, by means of transverse microradiography (TMR), in addition to the possible use of LF on small specimens suitable for in situ studies. Studies also aimed to determine the ability of LF to detect caries adjacent to amalgam restorations. The results demonstrated reasonable correlation between both the histological depth and mineral loss measured by TMR compared with the % change in mean fluorescence radiance measured by LF (r = 0.70 and 0.83, respectively). Studies with small specimens demonstrated that in vitro remineralization could be observed with LF for comparison of the demineralized specimen with an undemineralized reference. ANOVA showed significant mineral gain (p < 0.0001). The detection and quantification of mineral loss adjacent to amalgam restorations may have potential for the management of recurrent caries. Studies have demonstrated that LF can detect such mineral loss, and, with refinement of the image analysis system, LF was capable of detecting remineralization. Remineralization of such lesions is controversial, but it is suggested that LF may have a role in secondary caries management.
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