Increased vulnerability to inducible atrial fibrillation caused by partial cellular uncoupling with heptanol

Toshihiko Ohara, Zhilin Qu, Moon Hyoung Lee, Keiko Ohara, Chikaya Omichi, William J. Mandel, Peng Sheng Chen, Hrayr S. Karagueuzian

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30 Scopus citations

Abstract

We hypothesized that partial cellular uncoupling produced by low concentrations of heptanol increases the vulnerability to inducible atrial fibrillation (AF). The epicardial surface of 12 isolated-perfused canine left atria was optically mapped before and after 1-50 μM heptanol infusion. At baseline, no sustained (>30 s) AF could be induced in any of the 12 tissues. However, after 2 μM heptanol infusion, sustained AF was induced in 9 of 12 tissues (P < 0.001). Heptanol >5 μM caused loss of 1:1 capture during rapid pacing, causing no AF to be induced. AF was initiated by conduction block across the fiber leading to reentry, which broke up after one to two rotations into two to four independent wavelets that sustained the AF. Heptanol at 2 μM had no effect on the cellular action potential duration restitution or on the maximal velocity rate over time of the upstroke. The effects of heptanol were reversible. We conclude that partial cellular uncoupling by heptanol without changing atrial active membrane properties promotes wavebreak, reentry, and AF during rapid pacing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1116-H1122
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume283
Issue number3 52-3
StatePublished - Sep 7 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Optical mapping
  • Reentry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Ohara, T., Qu, Z., Lee, M. H., Ohara, K., Omichi, C., Mandel, W. J., Chen, P. S., & Karagueuzian, H. S. (2002). Increased vulnerability to inducible atrial fibrillation caused by partial cellular uncoupling with heptanol. American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, 283(3 52-3), H1116-H1122.