Objective: We tested the hypothesis that differential stimulation of nitric oxide (NO) production can be induced in pre- and postcapillary segments of the microcirculation in the hamster cheek pouch. Materials and Methods: We applied acetylcholine (ACh) or platelet-activating factor (PAF) topically and measured perivascular NO concentration ([NO]) with NO-sensitive microelectrodes in arterioles and venules of the hamster cheek pouch. We also measured NO in cultured coronary endothelial cells (CVEC) after ACh or PAF. Results: ACh increased periarteriolar [NO] significantly in a dose-dependent manner. ACh at 1 M increased [NO] from 438.1±43.4 nM at baseline to 647.9±66.3 nM, while 10 M of ACh increased [NO] from baseline to 1,035.0±59.2 nM (P<0.05). Neither 1 nor 10 M of ACh changed perivenular [NO] in the hamster cheek pouch. PAF, at 100 nM, increased perivenular [NO] from 326.6±50.8 to 622.8±41.5 nM. Importantly, 100 nM of PAF did not increase periarteriolar [NO]. PAF increased [NO] from 3.6±2.1 to 455.5±19.9 in CVEC, while ACh had no effect. Conclusions: We conclude that NO production can be stimulated in a differential manner in pre- and postcapillary segments in the hamster cheek pouch. ACh selectively stimulates the production of NO only in arterioles, while PAF stimulates the production of NO only in venules.
- Nitric oxide synthase
- Platelet-activating factor
- Regulation of microvascular function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)
- Molecular Biology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine