Induction of hepatic synthesis of serum amyloid A protein and actin

J. F. Morrow, R. S. Stearman, C. G. Peltzman, D. A. Potter

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Abstract

Major changes in the mRNA population of murine liver occur after administration of bacterial lipopolysaccharide, an agent that causes increases in the concentrations of acute-phase serum proteins. The mRNA for one of these, serum amyloid A, is increased at least 500-fold compared to the normal level. It becomes one of the most abundant hepatic mRNAs, and serum amyloid A synthesis comprises about 2.5% of total hepatic protein synthesis in the acute-phase response. Its synthesis is tissue-specific in that amyloid A mRNA was not detected in the kidney, an important site of amyloid fibril accumulation. The protein synthesized in largest amount by acute-phase liver tissue in culture is cytoplasmic actin. Its relative rate of synthesis is increased about 5-fold compared to the normal tissue; that of serum albumin is decreased to about one-third of its normal rate. The concentration of mRNA for serum albumin is decreased by a similar amount. Starting with induced liver RNA, we have constructed a recombinant plasmid containing most of the DNA sequence encoding the serum amyloid A polypeptide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4718-4722
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume78
Issue number8 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1981

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