Influence of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex-interacting multifunctional protein 1 on epithelial differentiation and organization during lung development

Daniel D. Lee, Alexandra Hochstetler, Eric Sah, Haiming Xu, Chinn Woan Lowe, Sara Santiaguel, Janet Lea Thornton, Adam Pajakowski, Margaret A. Schwarz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Proper development of the respiratory bronchiole and alveolar epithelium proceeds through coordinated cross talk between the interface of epithelium and neighboring mesenchyme. Signals that facilitate and coordinate the cross talk as the bronchial forming canalicular stage transitions to construction of air-exchanging capillary-alveoli niche in the alveolar stage are poorly understood. Expressed within this decisive region, levels of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex-interacting multifunctional protein 1 (AIMP1) inversely correlate with the maturation of the lung. The present study addresses the role of AIMP1 in lung development through the generation and characterization of Aimp1-/- mutant mice. Mating of Aimp1+/- produced offspring in expected Mendelian ratios throughout embryonic development. However, newborn Aimp1-/- pups exhibited neonatal lethality with mild cyanosis. Imaging both structure and ultrastructure of Aimp1-/- lungs showed disorganized bronchial epithelium, decreased type I but not type II cell differentiation, increased distal vessels, and disruption of E-cadherin deposition in cell-cell junctions. Supporting the in vivo findings of disrupted epithelial cell-cell junctions, in vitro biochemical experiments show that a portion of AIMP1 binds to phosphoinositides, the lipid anchor of proteins that have a fundamental role in both cellular membrane and actin cytoskeleton organization; a dramatic disruption in F-actin cytoskeleton was observed in Aimp1-/- mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Such observed structural defects may lead to disrupted cell-cell boundaries. Together, these results suggest a requirement of AIMP1 in epithelial cell differentiation in proper lung development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L369-L379
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume319
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • AIMP1
  • Alveolar
  • F-actin
  • Lung development
  • Phosphoinositide(s)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase complex-interacting multifunctional protein 1 on epithelial differentiation and organization during lung development'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this