Influence of combinations of cytokines on proliferation of isolated single cell-sorted human bone marrow hematopoietic progenitor cells in the absence and presence of serum

M. Xiao, T. Leemhuis, H. E. Broxmeyer, L. Lu

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23 Scopus citations


Human mast cell growth factor (MGF, a c-kit ligand) and colony stimulating factors (Epo, GM-CSF, G-CSF, IL-3) were assessed in the absence or presence of serum for stimulation in semi-solid medium of single CD34+++, CD34+++HLA-DR+, or CD34+++HLA-DR+CD33- cells sorted per microtiter well. The % of wells containing CFU-GM and erythroid containing (BFU-E and CFU-GEMM) colonies increased in proportion to the number of cytokines added. In the presence of serum, 1, to 4 cytokine combinations resulted in respective increases in cloning efficiencies of 10 to 21.0, 19.5 to 31.5, 35.8 to 42.9, and 46.3 to 60.0%. MGF had little effect by itself, but did act in combination with CSFs to enhance numbers and size of the colonies from isolated single cells. High cloning efficiencies were also obtained in the absence of serum when multiple cytokines were used. The results demonstrate that MGF and CSFs can act directly on the proliferation of single hematopoietic progenitor cells in the absence of accessory cells and serum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)276-279
Number of pages4
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992



  • c-kit ligand
  • Colony stimulating factors
  • Hematopoietic progenitor cells
  • Single cell sorting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Transplantation

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