The current study evaluated the influence of a novel surface treatment that uses a low-fusing porcelain glaze for promoting a bond between zirconia-based ceramic and a dual-cure resin luting agent. Bond strengths were compared with those from airborne particle abrasion, hydrofluoric acid etching, and silanizationtreated surfaces. Twenty-four yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia (Cercon Smart Ceramics, Degudent, Hanau, Germany) discs were fabricated and received eight surface treatments: group 1:110 μm aluminum oxide airborne particle abrasion; group 2:110 μm aluminum oxide airborne particle abrasion and silane; group 3:50 μm aluminum oxide airborne particle abrasion; group 4:50 μm aluminum oxide airborne particle abrasion and silane; group 5: glaze and hydrofluoric acid; group 6: glaze, hydrofluoric acid, and silane; group 7: glaze and 50 μm aluminum oxide airborne particle abrasion; and group 8: glaze, 50 μm aluminum oxide airborne particle abrasion and silane. After treatment, Enforce resin cement (Dentsply, Caulk, Milford, DE, USA) was used to fill an iris cut from microbore Tygon tubing that was put on the ceramic surface to create 30 cylinders of resin cement in each treatment group (n=30). Microshear bond testing was performed at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. One-way analysis of variance, and multiple comparisons were made using Tukey's test (p<0.5). The bond strength was affected only by surface treatments other than silanization. The groups that utilized the low-fusing porcelain glaze with airborne particle abrasion or hydrofluoric acid showed bond strength values statistically superior to groups that utilized conventional airborne particle abrasion treatments with 50 or 110 μm aluminum oxide (p<0.001). The treatment that utilized low-fusing porcelain glaze and hydrofluoric acid showed bond strength values statistically superior to remaining groups (p<0.001). Treatment of zirconia ceramic surfaces with a glaze of low-fusing porcelain significantly increased the bond strength of a dual-cure resin luting agent to the ceramic surface.
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