Influence of IL-1α and -1β on the survival of human bone marrow cells responding to hematopoietic colony-stimulating factors

G. Hangoc, D. E. Williams, J. H.F. Falkenburg, H. E. Broxmeyer

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19 Scopus citations


Purified recombinant human (rhu) IL-1α and IL-1β were evaluated for their effects on the proliferation and survival of granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM) and erythroid (BFU-E) progenitor cells from normal human bone marrow (BM). Using nonadherent low density T lymphocyte depleted (NALT-) BM cells cultured in the presence or absence of IL-1, CSF-deprivation studies demonstrated that IL-1α or IL-1β by itself did not enhance the proliferation of CFU-GM or BFU-E. They did, however, promote the survival of progenitors responding to the delayed addition of media conditioned by the 5637 cell line (5637 conditioned medium), rhu GM-CSF and erythropoietin. The survival promoting effects of IL-1α on CFU-GM and BFU-E were neutralized by anti-IL-1α mAb added to the cultures. The survival promoting effect of IL-1α did not appear to be mediated by CSF, because neither CSF nor erythroid burst promoting activity were detectable in cultures in which NALT- cells were incubated with rhuIL-1α. In addition, suboptimal concentrations of rhu macrophage CSF (CSF-1), G-CSF, GM-CSF, and IL-3, which were just below the levels that would stimulate colony formation, did not enhance progenitor cell survival. Survival of CFU-GM and BFU-E in low density (LD) bone marrow cells did not decrease as drastically as that in NALT- BM cells, and exogenously added IL-1 did not enhance progenitor cell survival of CFU-GM and BFU-E in LD BM cells. However, addition of anti-IL-1β decreased survival of CFU-GM and BFU-E in LD BM cells. These results implicate IL-1 in the prolonged survival of human CFU-GM and BFU-E.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4329-4334
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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